domingo, 29 de noviembre de 2009


About personality and appearance, it's hardly impossible to define it, because of the different ethnic distribution of the population.
According to a report by the International Labour Organization, in Pakistan there are about three million of children aged 4 to 15 years who works outside their homes.They work alongside their parents, in the field, in the street, crushing stones, carrying firewood on their backs, in the manufacture of carpets and sports goods...
But this fact does't always come from the poorest sectors of society. In many cases children come from families with middle income. Low wages and high interest rates cause these children have to work in a system of slavery.
The child job in Pakistan is not only an economic issue, is also a cultural problem. The society, Pakistani men, regarded as something normally for children to work. Children's rights in Pakistan is not are not met directly not exist.

Moreover, Women in Pakistan only has a right hand to be born. It is the only decision you can make free own in his life because from that moment his right hand are gone forever. His family, namely her father and brothers are those who take the decisions for her.
During childhood, a few will have the chance to go to school. The reasoning is: if the only reasons for the existence of women in Pakistan are those of housekeeping, marriage and children, makes no sense to spend time studying, it is better to work and assist in the tasks of the house. This is demonstrated in the literacy rate in rural areas only 1 in 10 women can read and write, and in cities 25%.

At puberty, girls are held in homes and remote contact with male persons. This includes family, except father and brothers, and in case of having to leave home, we appeal to burke. The latter is not common in the region of Northern Areas (Ismaili), and in cities like Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad, choose to wear or not wearing a head scarf, depending on the degree of relative conservatism.

The family is in charge of arranging the marriage, determines when and with whom they must marry the girl, and if it is with a cousin by the father better. His family must pay the dowry, but given that women will live (and serve) to the family home of her future husband, at least cease to be an economic burden.

Once married, the girl becomes a woman and becomes the property of the husband and wife's mother's orders. According to Pakistani law, adultery by men can only be proved by the presence of several witnesses (men) when the incident although it is quite difficult to prove. In the case of women is different, only enough for three men claim to have seen the woman in a compromising situation so that women can be sentenced.

The abuse and rape within marriage are not considered crimes under Pakistani laws. For a man can be accused of rape require four witnesses (men), and the declaration of women is not taken into account. If the woman becomes pregnant because of rape, most often the case becomes a crime of adultery by the wife in the absence of evidence against the alleged rapist.

Women in Pakistan are sentenced from the moment of birth. Talking about freedom and his rights as human beings not only clashes with the law and religion, but also with the traditions and customs of a society like Pakistan anchored in the Middle Ages.

On this matter the physical characteristics of the Pakistanis, the men usually are, sallow colour, brown eyes, long face and big nose, short dark brown hair, have a beard or moustache, most of them are thin, normally lead head scarves or hats. The new generation of Pakistanis are fleeing the Shalwar Kameez, only uses to go to the mosque or for parties, Pakistanis class working always wear Shalwar Kameez.
Concerning Pakistani women, sallow colour, brown eyes, dark brown hair, can carry-ones, such as bracelets, earrings, necklace ... and carry a shawl called a Dupatta to cover her head. The Pakistani national dress is the Shalwar Kameez, This is the everyday clothing worn by Pakistani men and women. The pants are called Shalwar and the long shirt or tunic Kameez.


Pakistan is a country where they speak about six languages. The national language is Urdu, and the official language is English, which is used in official languages, government and legal contracts.
There are other languages like Punjabi, that is the provincial language NWFP, Sindhi, the provincial language of Sindh, and Balochi, the provincial language of Balochistan.

The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. This city is the tenth largest city in Pakistan with an estimated population of 673,766 inhabitants in 2009. The third largest city in Pakistan is The Rawalpindi/Islamabad Metropolitan Area, with a population of 4.5 million inhabitants.
Islamabad is located in the Pothohar Plateau in the north of the country. Islamabad was built during the 1960s to replace Karachi, which was capital at that moment. However, this city doesn't move directly to Islamabad. It was first shifted to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad after all the developmental works were finished.
Islamabad is one of the greenest and most well-planned cities of South Asia. According to a survey, Islamabad is considered the cleanest city in Pakistan. The city is well-organized and divided into different sectors and zones. Islamabad was ranked as a Gamma world city in 2008. The city is home to Faisal Mosque, and this is the largest mosque in South Asia and the sixth largest mosque in the World. Islamabad has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan. One of the most important educational institution is the Quaid-i-Azam University, which is located in Islamabad. In adition, the top two engineering universities in Pakistan, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences and National University of Sciences and Technology are also located in the capital. The world's second largest university by enrollment is Allama Igbal Open University, in Islamabad.


Panoramic view of 15th century Pharwala Fort near Islamabad beside the Swaan River
The region is preceded by thousands of years of history. Islamabad Capital Territory, located in the Pothohar Plateau, is regarded to be one of the earliest sites of human settlement in Asia. The plateau has revealed evidence of a prehistoric culture. It is known that a Buddhist town once existed in the region. Relics and human skulls have been found dating back to 5000 B.C. that show this region was home to Stone Age people who used the banks of Swaan River as their settlement. The Stone Age people developed small communities in the region at around 3000 BC, leading to the early roots of civilization here. Situated at one end of the Indus Valley Civilization, this area was the first habitation of the Aryan community from Central Asia. The civilization flourished here between the 23rd and 18th centuries BC. Some of the earliest Stone Age artefacts in the world have been found on the plateau, dating from 500,000 to 100,000 years. The crude stones recovered from the terraces of the Soan carry the account of human grind and endeavours in this part of the world from the inter-glacial period. Items of pottery and utensils dating back to prehistory have also been found.
Islamabad was one of the routes though which the armies from the north and northwest passed to invade the Indian Subcontinent. Many great armies such as those of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur and Ahmad Shah Durrani have used this route on their way to Indian Subcontinent. Modern Islamabad is based on the old settlement known as Saidpur. The region later became a Sikh town and became an important trading centre. The British seized the region from the Sikhs in 1849 and built Asia’s largest cantonment in the region.

Demographics of Pakistan

Nowadays, the population of Pakistan is 200,800,000 and the growth rate is 2.2%. Birth rate is 31 births/1,000 population and death rate is 8 deaths/1,000 population. Life expectancy is 63 years(male 62.4 years and female 64.44 years). Fertility rate is 3.58 children born/woman. In 2008, net migration rate is -1.0 migrant(s)/1,000 population. In this country 48.7 % of the population can read and write.

Population data

Geographic distribution

The most of southern Pakistan's population lives in the Indus River. The most popular city in Pakistan is Karachi. In the north, most of the people lives in Faisalabad, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Nowshera, Swabi, Mardan and Peshawar.

Educational Institutions

In Pakistan, there are 157,157 primary schools, 30,419 middle schools, 17,231 secondary schools. In addition, there are also 1174 arts and Science colleges, 408 professional colleges and 52 universities.

Percentage Disbtribution of Employed Persons by Major Industry Division

-Manufacturing: 13.84
-Construction: 6.13
-Electricity, gas, water and sanitary services: 0.66
-Commerce: 14.67
-Transport, storage and communication: 5.74
-Financing, insurance, real estate and business services: 1.10
-Services: 14.35
-Activities not adequately described: 0.04

Foreign Born Population in Pakistan


The country of Pakistan covers 340.403 square miles (881.640 km2) approximately like the areas of France and the United Kingdom. Its eastern regions are the Indian Tectonic Plate and the western and northern regions are the Iranian Plateau and Eurasian landpate. Pakistan's land borders total 6.774 kilometres —2.430 kilometres (1.509 mi) with Afghanistan to the northwest, 523 kilometres (325 mi) with China to the northeast, 2.912 kilometres (1.809 mi) with India to the east and 909 kilometres (565 mi) with Iran to the southwest.

In the northern and western of Pakistan is the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges too, which incorporate some of the world's highest peaks, including K2 (28,250 ft; 8,611 m) and Nanga Parbat (26,660 ft; 8,126 m). The Balochistan Plateau is in the west, and the Thar Desert and an expanse of alluvial plains, the Punjab and Sind, is in the east of the country.

Specific location:
The coordinates are: 33° 43′ 0″ N, 73° 4′ 0″

Relative location:
Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.